Finding the sweet spot in sugar reductions

Journal Reference: Kristopher O. Keller, Jonne Y. Guyt. EXPRESS: A War on Sugar? Effects of Reduced Sugar Content and Package Size in the Soda Category. Journal of Marketing, 2023; 002224292311521 DOI: 10.1177/00222429231152181 Excess sugar consumption is a problem all over the world. It can lead to a number of health issues, including diabetes and cardiovascular … Read more

Genetic tests unexpectedly find genes linked to heart disease — now what?

Journal Reference: Andrew P. Landstrom, Anwar A. Chahal, Michael J. Ackerman, Sharon Cresci, Dianna M. Milewicz, Alanna A. Morris, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Christopher Semsarian, Svati H. Shah, Amy C. Sturm. Interpreting Incidentally Identified Variants in Genes Associated With Heritable Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine, 2023; DOI: … Read more

First silicon integrated ECRAM for a practical AI accelerator

Journal Reference: Jinsong Cui, Fufei An, Jiangchao Qian, Yuxuan Wu, Luke L. Sloan, Saran Pidaparthy, Jian-Min Zuo, Qing Cao. CMOS-compatible electrochemical synaptic transistor arrays for deep learning accelerators. Nature Electronics, 2023; DOI: 10.1038/s41928-023-00939-7 This was preventing the implementation of one highly promising deep learning accelerator — arrays of electrochemical random-access memory, or ECRAM — until … Read more

New research shows how cultural transmission shapes the evolution of music

Journal Reference: Manuel Anglada-Tort, Peter M.C. Harrison, Harin Lee, Nori Jacoby. Large-scale iterated singing experiments reveal oral transmission mechanisms underlying music evolution. Current Biology, 2023; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.02.070 The research team made up of scientistic from the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge, and the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, used singing experiments to … Read more

Fighting brain cancer at its root

Journal Reference: Ahmad Sharanek, Audrey Burban, Aldo Hernandez-Corchado, Ariel Madrigal, Idris Fatakdawala, Hamed S. Najafabadi, Vahab D. Soleimani, Arezu Jahani-Asl. Transcriptional control of brain tumor stem cells by a carbohydrate binding protein. Cell Reports, 2021; 36 (9): 109647 DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109647 Due to its resistance to therapy, glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive cancerous brain … Read more

Improved wastewater treatment could lead to significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

Journal Reference: Benjamin de Foy, James J Schauer, Alba Lorente, Tobias Borsdorff. Investigating high methane emissions from urban areas detected by TROPOMI and their association with untreated wastewater. Environmental Research Letters, 2023; 18 (4): 044004 DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/acc118 The study, “Investigating high methane emissions from urban areas detected by TROPOMI and their association with untreated wastewater,” … Read more

Imaging captures social dynamics of ‘pee-shy’ mice

Journal Reference: Caitlin H. Miller, Matthew F. Hillock, Jay Yang, Brandon Carlson-Clarke, Klaudio Haxhillari, Annie Y. Lee, Melissa R. Warden, Michael J. Sheehan. Dynamic changes to signal allocation rules in response to variable social environments in house mice. Communications Biology, 2023; 6 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s42003-023-04672-x The thermal recordings show that mice that recently lost a … Read more

Photosynthesis: Varying roads lead to the reaction center

Journal Reference: Sebastian Reiter, Ferdinand L. Kiss, Jürgen Hauer, Regina de Vivie-Riedle. Thermal site energy fluctuations in photosystem I: new insights from MD/QM/MM calculations. Chemical Science, 2023; 14 (12): 3117 DOI: 10.1039/D2SC06160K Photosynthesis is the motor of all life on Earth. Complex processes are required for the sunlight-powered conversion of carbon dioxide and water to … Read more

Closed loop for circular financial system: New polymer recycling strategy ensures both high stability and complete recyclability

Journal Reference: Takumi Watanabe, Haruka Minato, Yuma Sasaki, Seina Hiroshige, Hayato Suzuki, Nahomi Matsuki, Koki Sano, Takeshi Wakiya, Yuichiro Nishizawa, Takayuki Uchihashi, Takuma Kureha, Mitsuhiro Shibayama, Toshikazu Takata, Daisuke Suzuki. Closed-loop recycling of microparticle-based polymers. Green Chemistry, 2023; DOI: 10.1039/D3GC00090G In this light, recycling plastics such as polymers is a promising sustainable alternative for waste … Read more

Preschoolers prefer to learn from a competent robot than an incompetent human

Journal Reference: Anna-Elisabeth Baumann, Elizabeth J. Goldman, Alexandra Meltzer, Diane Poulin-Dubois. People Do Not Always Know Best: Preschoolers’ Trust in Social Robots. Journal of Cognition and Development, 2023; 1 DOI: 10.1080/15248372.2023.2178435 According to a new paper by Concordia researchers published in the Journal of Cognition and Development, the answer largely depends on age. The study … Read more