Nanophysics: The right twist

Journal Reference: Shen Zhao, Zhijie Li, Xin Huang, Anna Rupp, Jonas Göser, Ilia A. Vovk, Stanislav Yu. Kruchinin, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Ismail Bilgin, Anvar S. Baimuratov, Alexander Högele. Excitons in mesoscopically reconstructed moiré heterostructures. Nature Nanotechnology, 2023; DOI: 10.1038/s41565-023-01356-9 Novel, ultrathin nanomaterials exhibit remarkable properties. If you stack individual atomically thin layers of crystals … Read more

Finding the sweet spot in sugar reductions

Journal Reference: Kristopher O. Keller, Jonne Y. Guyt. EXPRESS: A War on Sugar? Effects of Reduced Sugar Content and Package Size in the Soda Category. Journal of Marketing, 2023; 002224292311521 DOI: 10.1177/00222429231152181 Excess sugar consumption is a problem all over the world. It can lead to a number of health issues, including diabetes and cardiovascular … Read more

Genetic tests unexpectedly find genes linked to heart disease — now what?

Journal Reference: Andrew P. Landstrom, Anwar A. Chahal, Michael J. Ackerman, Sharon Cresci, Dianna M. Milewicz, Alanna A. Morris, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Christopher Semsarian, Svati H. Shah, Amy C. Sturm. Interpreting Incidentally Identified Variants in Genes Associated With Heritable Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine, 2023; DOI: … Read more

First silicon integrated ECRAM for a practical AI accelerator

Journal Reference: Jinsong Cui, Fufei An, Jiangchao Qian, Yuxuan Wu, Luke L. Sloan, Saran Pidaparthy, Jian-Min Zuo, Qing Cao. CMOS-compatible electrochemical synaptic transistor arrays for deep learning accelerators. Nature Electronics, 2023; DOI: 10.1038/s41928-023-00939-7 This was preventing the implementation of one highly promising deep learning accelerator — arrays of electrochemical random-access memory, or ECRAM — until … Read more

New research shows how cultural transmission shapes the evolution of music

Journal Reference: Manuel Anglada-Tort, Peter M.C. Harrison, Harin Lee, Nori Jacoby. Large-scale iterated singing experiments reveal oral transmission mechanisms underlying music evolution. Current Biology, 2023; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.02.070 The research team made up of scientistic from the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge, and the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, used singing experiments to … Read more

Fighting brain cancer at its root

Journal Reference: Ahmad Sharanek, Audrey Burban, Aldo Hernandez-Corchado, Ariel Madrigal, Idris Fatakdawala, Hamed S. Najafabadi, Vahab D. Soleimani, Arezu Jahani-Asl. Transcriptional control of brain tumor stem cells by a carbohydrate binding protein. Cell Reports, 2021; 36 (9): 109647 DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109647 Due to its resistance to therapy, glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive cancerous brain … Read more

Improved wastewater treatment could lead to significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

Journal Reference: Benjamin de Foy, James J Schauer, Alba Lorente, Tobias Borsdorff. Investigating high methane emissions from urban areas detected by TROPOMI and their association with untreated wastewater. Environmental Research Letters, 2023; 18 (4): 044004 DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/acc118 The study, “Investigating high methane emissions from urban areas detected by TROPOMI and their association with untreated wastewater,” … Read more

Imaging captures social dynamics of ‘pee-shy’ mice

Journal Reference: Caitlin H. Miller, Matthew F. Hillock, Jay Yang, Brandon Carlson-Clarke, Klaudio Haxhillari, Annie Y. Lee, Melissa R. Warden, Michael J. Sheehan. Dynamic changes to signal allocation rules in response to variable social environments in house mice. Communications Biology, 2023; 6 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s42003-023-04672-x The thermal recordings show that mice that recently lost a … Read more

Photosynthesis: Varying roads lead to the reaction center

Journal Reference: Sebastian Reiter, Ferdinand L. Kiss, Jürgen Hauer, Regina de Vivie-Riedle. Thermal site energy fluctuations in photosystem I: new insights from MD/QM/MM calculations. Chemical Science, 2023; 14 (12): 3117 DOI: 10.1039/D2SC06160K Photosynthesis is the motor of all life on Earth. Complex processes are required for the sunlight-powered conversion of carbon dioxide and water to … Read more

Closed loop for circular financial system: New polymer recycling strategy ensures both high stability and complete recyclability

Journal Reference: Takumi Watanabe, Haruka Minato, Yuma Sasaki, Seina Hiroshige, Hayato Suzuki, Nahomi Matsuki, Koki Sano, Takeshi Wakiya, Yuichiro Nishizawa, Takayuki Uchihashi, Takuma Kureha, Mitsuhiro Shibayama, Toshikazu Takata, Daisuke Suzuki. Closed-loop recycling of microparticle-based polymers. Green Chemistry, 2023; DOI: 10.1039/D3GC00090G In this light, recycling plastics such as polymers is a promising sustainable alternative for waste … Read more